Why Did I Not Name Them Khawarij Even Until Now? Even Though There Are Among Them Who Are Worse Than The Khawarij? ~ Shaykh Abu Muhammad Al-Maqdisi
Some who love me criticize me and those who do not love me
are angry with me; why do I not name the group ISIS explicitly as Khawarij even
until now; and many youths and seekers of knowledge postpone the fight against
them because they need my classification of them as Khawarij. I say:
1. Me refraining from this title does not mean my praise for them in any way,
sometimes I see some of them even as worse than the Khawarij:
# The Khawarij made Takfir on big sins, but among them are those who make even
Takfir on downright obedience (towards Allah), after they change its name into
a sin and betrayal and an act of the Sahawaat.
# And the regulations of Takfir for many of their followers is based upon
desires (Hawaa) and rivalry, and ignorance is predominant among them next to
lack of awareness and foolish dreams.
# And the Khawarij did not lie and I experienced some of them and dealt with
them and found some of them lying more than the Rawafid and being more
slanderous than the Jews.
# And they massacred the best of the Ummah of Muhammad (SalAllahu Alayhi wa
Selam) from the Mujahideen. And they made their blood and wealth Halal, and
they are bolder and faster in killing them than killing the original
disbelievers, because they see them as apostates, and an apostate is worse than
an original disbeliever. And in a Hadeeth: "Whoever indiscriminately attacks my
Ummah, killing the righteous and wicked among them, sparing not even the
believers, and fulfilling not an oath with those who were given a promise of
security, does not belong to my Ummah. And whoever fights under a blind banner
(of a people whose cause is not clear), to kill for partisanship and is fanatic
and supportive towards his party, and is killed, then he dies in a state of
Jahiliyah (pre-Islamic ignorance)."
How can you think I am praising them or making compromises with them after this
position which I repeatedly described, and my position is not clouded by the
fact that I settled with quoting them in naming them (Khawarij), after the
communication I had with their jurists in which they said and acknowledgment
that there are Khawarij in their ranks and in the ranks of their jurists. There
is no relation between the fact that I refrain from this absolute description
and between praising them! I likewise gave a verdict (Fatwa) to repel their
aggression when they attack the Mujahideen, and the Mujahideen are allowed to
help each other in repelling their aggression if necessary, without supporting
the apostates against them.
2. I add to this that I have not denied statements of my brothers, the scholars
from the investigatory theologians, who named them Khawarij, like Shaykh Abu
Qatadah may Allah protect him. Because I know he does not make these
statements, like some do, because of profanity due to hostile feud, or
revenging their tyrant masters, or in accordance with their desires, or other
malicious reasons. Rather no one does this except those with correct view and
those who follow the truth and experienced their likes. That's why you see him
separate and implant that this description does not necessary mean that all
their individuals are Khawarij, rather it is enough that this description is
verified in their leadership, and the refraining party (who refused to be
judges by an independent Sharia court) is described as such. Because the
leadership of this party are the ones who direct it towards shedding the blood
of Muslims and making Takfir on the Mujahideen, and there is no trace (to be
found) of their mislead followers even if they are the most devout and
righteous of creation. But I knew and know that most people do not know and do
not understand this difference (detail), so I did not choose to adopt this name
at the same time I did not reject it (when others used it).
Add to this that the Shaykh emphasizes that their fight against the Rawafid and
the Nusairiyah is praiseworthy, and if you were in Iraq and did not find anyone
else besides them who fight the Rawafid then you can fight with them. So how
can you compare this with the profanity of those say that the Rawafid are a
lesser evil then they are? And those who made the tyrants and Obama better than
them? And where is the differentiation of those who judge them all as Khawarij
without any elaboration, only out of hostile feud to incite against them in
order to eradicate them? And he does not take in to account the misled youth by
them, who came for the sake of Jihad but were lured by the title of Khilafah;
to achieve their eradication according to the wishes of the tyrants who want to
get rid of them without any scrutiny.
3. I know that the feud of some groups in the Syrian battlefield with ISIS is
not a religious Sharia feud, rather it is a mundane worldly feud or by orders,
directives and wishes of the backing masters. I do not like names to be thrown
in this dirty game. So refrained from giving them what they could use in this
dirty war of theirs. I refused to be a tool in the hands of the conspirators.
So I stayed a slow grief in their hearts and an opening for those who come back
and repent from among the youth who were misled by ISIS, so that they would
listen to my advises and they would accept it because of my fairness with them.
And to protect the blood of our brothers who are waiting for our verdict
(Fatwa) to carelessly run with it to battles in which we do not have any share.
And one must not say that Abu Qatadah does not take this into account according
to my opinion. Never! I keep him above my head and in my eyes, and his choice
is respected by me. But each of us has a turf and its supplicants, who are
looking at it and are waiting for its speech. And we complete each other, all
praises are due to Allah. And we are setting up an important balance in the
fields of Jihad, even if the counteractive ones reject it or the deniers
disapprove of it. Me and the Shaykh known that the Syrian battlefield became a
field of international conspiracies and a play tool of the intelligence
services. And ISIS with its foolishness and the stupidity of its leadership and
many of its followers became a stone among stones in this game, exploited to
achieve their goals. It is not necessary for them to be agents, rather they are
used through the stupidly of their leadership. And we refuse to let our
positions and verdicts be exploited in this dirty game and its filthy goals.
4. So that's why both of us even until now did not permit fighting them except
in the case of repelling their aggression (meaning defensive not offensive), so
that our verdicts will not be used in achieving the wishes of the tyrants and
the Crusaders behind them. And those that seek to eradicate them (ISIS) in this
stage will make it easy for them to irradiate Jabhat An-Nusra after that and
similar factions who refuse to obey to wishes of the enemies of Jihad.
5. The (religious) term Khawarij is connected to Sharia rulings which will be
exploited by those with foreign agendas in the deviant factions; using the call
to fight and eradicate them like the people of ‘Aad were eridicated (a ruling
about the Khawarij found in the Ahadeeth), without discriminating between those
who were fooled and others. I refuse to open this door for people from whom
some of them could be even more evil than the extremists and the Khawarij.
Especially since these people have opened it with verdicts of their jurist and
scholars of Irjaa (opposite sect of Khawarij known as postponers), and with
domestic and foreign state scholars, until the enemies of Allah were happy with
it and the Rawafid and the tyrants used it in describing ISIS absolutely
(without any details). So why would I enter this ring which is not my ring, and
we disagree with its people in the fundamentals as well as in the branches (Aqeedah
and Fiqh). That's why we are happy when the Khawarij of the extremists fight
against the Rawafid and the Nusairiyah, and we hope for their victory, as long
as there is no Sunni alternative to confront them. While we see some of them
wish victory for the Rawafid over them (ISIS).
6. The tittles ‘the Caliphate' and ‘the Islamic State' are one of the most
loved titles to my heart, and the heart of every Muslim. So my hostility cannot
be due to these tittles, rather it is against those who distort it with their
extremism and Takfir on Muslims and by spilling the blood of the Mujahideen. Is
has been proven beyond any reasonable doubt that ISIS makes Takfir on Jabhat
An-Nusra as well as other factions. And they make the blood of its supporters
legal, like they make the blood of every Mujahid they overpower (catch) legal.
And the Mujahideen and scholars whether they are from Shaam or Iraq or
Afghanistan or Libya or elsewhere, under the pretext of standing against the
project of the Ummah and the Khilafah! They painted themselves exclusively with
these tittles to describe everyone who opposes them with Sahawaat, agents,
treachery and apostasy. And they deceived their flock with it so the blood and
lives of Muslims became cheap to them because of it, so they made spilling and
wasting it easy.
7. I did not take my position regarding ISIS based upon inaccurate
communications I received from hostile parties to them, like many of them
claim. Rather I took it based upon personal and direct positions in dealing
with them, which let me know that these people do not raise their head for the
Sharia rulings except if it's in their benefit. And that they are not
protective of Muslim blood and their honor. And one of the most clear examples
I experienced with them concerning this domain is:
# Me inviting them to a Sharia court which abides by their set terms, and after
months of postponing they explicitly refused to refer the matter to a court.
And this happened between me and them, and this matter would be enough for him
who has a heart with some shame; to know that they lied to me, and did not want
to refer to the majestic Sharia of Allah, and did not wish its judgment.
# And add to this also them shedding the blood of our sister Sajida, and giving
priority to the publication of their movie over her live, when they were warned
and alerted that Sajida would be executed if they killed the pilot, and the
warning has reached them. Despite that they gave priority to publish their
movie of them burning the pilot over her live. This will let you know that they
do not safeguard the blood of Muslims, and that they are not qualified to be
leaders who are merciful with Muslims.
I am prepared to swear a Mubahalah over these two situations with the leaders
of ISIS; they refused the arbitration which I presented according to their
conditions; and that the warning of Sajida's execution reached them if they
would kill the pilot. Despite that they insisted on publishing the movie of the
burning. After they lied and connected his fate to her release, even though
they had already killed him according to their Sharia judgment of similar
retribution (Qisaas).. So she and Ziyad Karbouli were executed because they
insisted on propaganda and excitement and gave this priority over the lives of
And from their slanders and lies and forgery and calling things with other
names in order for them to base ruling of treachery and apostasy upon it, is
that they named me because of my attempts to save the imprisoned Muslims with
"An agent of the secret intelligence services and a defender of the pilot.."
And the intelligence services had much better suspicions of my religion than
the ones who are calling themselves the Khilafah and claim that they belong to
Jihad, when they said to me "We know that if it was not for Sajida you would
not intervene in the issue of the pilot." This is a disgrace in the face of
those who until recently were calling me "My Shaykh" and "Our Shaykh." And
after that they made this an opportunity for hostile profanity, and defaming me
in my religion, and to open an arena for their flock to betray me and make
Takfir on me.
8. These people if they stay on what they are on, they will be the most far
away people from the Prophet (SalAllahu Alayhi wa Selam). Jabir narrated that
the Messenger of Allah (SalAllahu Alayhi wa Selam) said: "Indeed, from the most
beloved of you to me, and the closest of you to me on the Day of Judgment, are
the best of you in behavior (character). And the most hated to me and the
farthest away from me on the Day of Judgment will be those who talk uselessly
(blabbers), and those who talk harshly to others and put them down (ranters),
and those are haughty and show off when they talk (the proud)."
I contacted and dealt with some of them, and I found out that they are the
worst of people in character, and most despicable in social interaction. It is
enough for the student of knowledge to know that they used to call me "Our
Shaykh, our Shaykh.." during the negotiations, and after a month of lies and
postponing they sent a file to my phone, locked with a password beginning with
"The pimp Al-Maqdisi.." And I will hold Al-Baghdadi and Al-Adnani and his
henchmen responsible for this slanderous name-calling, I will stand in front of
Allah with it, and I will not let them get away with it, until they present a
way out from this accusation with which they slandered me and my family.
And their jurist and disputants who taught them this carry the responsibility
for all of this. I am not mentioning this out of grievance and complaint to
anyone from the world, but so that the misled ones by them know what kind of
leadership this is, who leads them and blows their bodies up. Do they deserve
to be entrusted with their lives, the likes of this leadership which is void of
noble character and religion and responsibility? Think about what I am saying,
and I entrust my matter to Allah, He is All-Seeing over His worshipers.
9. The attacks of ISIS against me, and their slanders about me, and their
fabrications and lies, and the Takfir of some among them on me, and their
insults and curses, despite my mentioned position; indicates a lack of mind
among most of them, and foolishness and a filthy heart among many of them.
And insisting on my position mentioned above, despite their hostile profanity,
proofs that my position is not reactive, nor that the governments have dictated
it. Because the most loved thing to the governments is that I paint them with
the name Khawarij, and I did not do this even until now. And I do not have
backers, all praises and grace are due to Allah, who influence me in my
positions. Nor am I afraid that they will cut of their funding to me. This
judgment of mine is independent, it will not be influenced nor pressured
inshaAllah by people who are enemies with ISIS. Like I am not influenced by the
slanders and fabrications of ISIS. On the contrary, their insulting, their
lying, and their fabrications against me, became the biggest reasons for
refraining from my feud with them by calling them Khawarij. Because I am
enormously eager to not let this feud turn from a Sharia feud, with which I
debate them in front of Allah, into a personal feud. And if I increase my pace
of responses against them, it will result in a disaster or it will renew a
calamity (meaning the result will be counterproductive).
10. This position of mine is a legitimate (Sharia) position, which I make clear
for the sake (benefit) of Jihad and the Mujahideen. And I know that unfair
minded people from among the Murijah (postponers) and allies of the tyrants
will criticize me and say "The Shaykh said that they are worse than Khawarij to
avoid naming them Khawarij." I repeat what I said above, I said; among them are
those who are worse than Khawarij, and I do not believe that all of them are
Khawarij or that all of them are worse than the Khawarij. And the worse among
them is their leadership who dragged them in to Takfir and in to spilling the
blood of Muslims and the Mujahideen. And it is a wrecked leadership from the
most evil of leaders, who cannot be entrusted with even its own youth who came
from all over the world to support something named the Khilafah and the Islamic
State. So it made blowing them up cheap, and put them in jeopardy here and
there. And I make clear that this differentiation is the specific preference of
Shaykh Abu Qatadah himself, but I wanted to explain it. And I do not want to
release its publication (meaning the label of Khawarij) because of my knowledge
about many ignorant people from all parties who do not know the details of this
publication. The biased people and those with foreign agenda's are happy with
that release without any explanation nor details. And this release will also
repel the hopes of our advises towards the ignorant followers of ISIS who are
misled by them. It was as if I contributed in Shaykh Abu Qatadah's description,
but I explained it in detail.
I know that the battlefield is mixed and infiltrated, it contains a lot of
personal whims and worldly agendas, and domestic and foreign conspiracies, and
secret intelligence tricks. That's why this verdict of mine is issued for the
Sunnis and not for the innovators, and to the supporters of Jihad so that they
don't remain an object tied to the extremist and their transgression, nor to
the secularist and their supports the tyrants, or the likes who saw and still
see that with my mentioned regulations the battle of their hopes is restricted,
and does not please them, and does not work for their agenda, all praises are
due to Allah.
This is what I have, and peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and
his family and all his companions.
Abu Muhammad Al-Maqdisi