Can He Break The Fast Because His Work Is Too Hard?
The Awqaf -
Is it permissible for those who do hard work to
break the fast during Ramadaan, such as those who work
in foundries and factories and do other kinds of hard
Praise be to Allaah.
Some scholars have issued fatwas saying that it is
permissible for these people not to fast. I sent the
fatwa to Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Muhammad ibn Humayd
and Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have
mercy on them) for their comments on it and they said:
The basic principle is that it is obligatory to fast
Ramadaan, and to form the intention to fast from the
night before, for all adult Muslims, who should start
the day fasting, except for those to whom the Lawgiver
has granted a concession, who are allowed not to fast
– namely the sick, travellers and those who come under
those headings. Those who do hard work come under the
heading of those who are obliged to fast and they are
not like the sick or travellers. They have to form the
intention to observe the Ramadaan fast from the night
before, and to start the day fasting. If one of them
is forced to break the fast during the day, then it is
permissible for him to break the fast with enough to
ward off any harm, then he must refrain from eating
and drinking for the rest of the day, and he has to
make up that fast at the proper time. If there is no
such necessity then it is obligatory to complete the
fast. This is what is indicated by the shar'i evidence
from the Qur'aan and Sunnah, and it is what is
indicated by the words of the scholars of all madhhabs.
Those in positions of authority among the Muslims
among whom are people who do hard work should examine
their case when Ramadaan comes, and if possible, they
should not burden them with too much work that may
force them to break the fast during the day in
Ramadaan, rather they should have the work done at
night, or distribute work hours in a fair and just
manner so that people may both work and fast.
As for the fatwa referred to, this has to do with an
individual case where they issued a fatwa based on
their ijtihaad for which they are to be appreciated,
but they did not mention the conditions that we have
mentioned or the view of the scholars of all madhhabs.
We ask Allaah to help us all to do that which is good.
Shaykh ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Muhammad ibn Humayd (may Allaah
have mercy on him).
Shaykh ‘Abd al-‘Azeez ibn Baaz (may Allaah have mercy
Majmoo' Fataawa Ibn Baaz, 14/245
And Allaah knows best.