Can He Break His Fast During The Day In Ramadaan Because Of A Medical Examination?
The Awqaf -
I am going to have some diagnostic imaging done at the
hospital, and this means that I cannot fast on that
day. If I do not do this imaging now, I will not get
another appointment for several months. Is it
permissible for me to break my fast in order to do
Praise be to Allaah.
It is permissible for one who is sick to break his
fast, and he has to make up the days that he does not
fast because of sickness, because Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning):
"and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number
[of days which one did not observe Sawm (fasts) must
be made up] from other days"
The kind of sickness which means that a person is
allowed not to fast is severe sickness which causes
hardship or harm to the person if he fasts, or which
it is feared will make the sickness worse or delay
recovery because of fasting. The scholars also said
that this applies if it is feared that a person may
become sick because of fasting.
If your sickness falls into any of these categories
(as appears to be the case), it is permissible for you
not to fast, because diagnostic imaging helps to
determine the sickness and thus prevent it getting
worse or delaying recovery.
But if your sickness does not fall into any of these
categories, then it is not permissible for you to
break your fast, and you should try to do the imaging
at night if you can, or wait until Ramadaan is over.
Shaykh Muhammad al-Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen said:
The person who is sick with a temporary illness falls
into one of three categories:
1 – Those for whom fasting is not difficult and does
not cause hardship. They have to fast and are not
2 – Those for whom fasting is difficult but does not
cause harm. It is makrooh for them to fast because
that means they are rejecting a concession granted to
them by Allaah, as well as being hard on themselves.
3 – Those for whom fasting is harmful. It is haraam
for them to fast because that means they are bringing
harm upon themselves. Allaah says (interpretation of
"And do not kill yourselves"
"and do not throw yourselves into destruction"
According to the hadeeth, the Prophet (peace and
blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "There should
be neither harming nor reciprocating harm." Narrated
by Ibn Maajah and al-Haakim. Al-Nawawi said: it has
isnaads which strengthen one another. Whether or not
fasting is harmful for a sick person is known either
from the person feeling that himself or a trustworthy
doctor telling him of that.
If a sick person breaks his fast, he has to make up
the number of days that he missed when he recovers. If
he dies before recovering, then that obligation no
longer applies because the command is to make up the
fasts from other days, but he did not live to see
those other days.
Fusool fi'l-Siyaam wa'l-Taraaweeh (part 3).
And Allaah knows best.