Guidelines Concerning Things That Break The Fast -- By Shaykh Muhammad Saleh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Muhammad Saleh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
What about one who is grinding grain, and
something flies into his mouth as a result of that
whilst he is fasting?
Praise be to Allaah.
That does not spoil his fast, and his fast is valid,
because when this happens it is not by their choice,
and they did not mean for it to reach their stomachs.
I would like to take this opportunity to explain that
things which break a person's fast – namely
intercourse, eating, drinking, etc. – only do so if
three conditions are met:
1 – that he knows (the ruling). If he does not know
the ruling then it does not break his fast, because
Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings):
"And there is no sin on you concerning that in which
you made a mistake, except in regard to what your
hearts deliberately intend"
"Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into
And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) said: "My ummah is forgiven for mistakes and
forgetfulness and for what they are forced to do." The
one who is ignorant is making a mistake, and if he
knew he would not have done that, so if he does
something that breaks the fast out of ignorance, then
he is not to blame and his fast is complete and is
valid, whether he was ignorant concerning the ruling
or the time.
A similar case is when a person does something that
breaks the fast, thinking that it does not break the
fast, such as one who has cupping done, thinking that
cupping does not break the fast. We would say to him,
your fast is valid and you do not have to do anything.
And there are other things which happen to a person
not by his choice; so there is no blame on him and
that does not break his fast, for the reasons we have
In conclusion, the things that break the fast do not
break it unless three conditions are met:
1 – he should know the ruling
2 – he should not have forgotten that he is fasting
3 – he should be doing that by choice.
And Allaah knows best.
Fataawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 1, p. 508.