He Is Going To Travel And Will Remain Abroad For Three Months; Does He Have To Fast Ramadan?
The Awqaf -
I am going to travel, by Allah's leave, to Milan
in Italy for my work, to complete the company's new
project. That will take a long time, as long as three
months, and the blessed month of Ramadan will come
whilst I am there. My question is: do I have to fast?
If I do not fast, what do I have to do to make it up?.
Praise be to Allaah.
If a person travels to a place and decides to stay
there for more than four days, then he comes under the
same rulings as a resident according to the majority
of scholars among the Maalikis, Shaafa'is and Hanbalis.
So he comes under the same obligations as a resident
with regard to fasting and offering prayers in full.
It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa'imah (8/99):
Travel in which the concessions for the traveller are
prescribed is that which is customarily regarded as
travel, and the distance concerned is approximately 80
km. If a person travels this distance or more, he may
avail himself of the concessions of travel, such as
wiping over the socks for three days and nights,
joining and shortening prayers and not fasting in
Ramadan. If the traveller intends to stay in the city
for more than four days, then he is not entitled to
the concessions of travel, but if he intends to stay
for four days or less, then he may avail himself of
those concessions. The traveller who is staying in the
city but does not know when his stay there will end
and has not set a specific time limit for his stay
there may avail himself of the concessions of travel
even if that is for a long period. There is no
differentiation between travel by land or sea. End
Based on that, what you have to do is fast Ramadan and
offer prayers in full during this period, unless you
are travelling from city to city and the distance
between them is 80 km or more, in which case it is
permissible for you not to fast whilst travelling, and
it is also permissible for you to join and shorten
And Allah knows best.